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**Palavras relacionadas:**

# Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy seleção on-line livro

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Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy, Please Log In Or Sign Up to Create a Free Account and Get Access more than 10 million Books, Magazines & Comics for FREE!, With PDF, TXT, EPUB, PDB, RTF, FB2. ONLY REGISTERED USERS can read and download the Book for FREE.

## Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Cathy O'Neil
- Editor: Broadway Books
- Data de publicação: 2017-09-05
- ISBN: 0553418831
- Número de páginas: 288 pages
- Tag: weapons, destruction, increases, inequality, threatens, democracy

A former Wall Street quant sounds an alarm on the mathematical models that pervade modern life — and threaten to rip apart our social fabric

*Longlisted for the National Book Award*

New York Times*Bestseller*A former Wall Street quant sounds an alarm on the mathematical models that pervade modern life — and threaten to rip apart our social fabric

We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives—where we go to school, whether we get a car loan, how much we pay for health insurance—are being made not by humans, but by mathematical models. In theory, this should lead to greater fairness: Everyone is judged according to the same rules, and bias is eliminated.

But as Cathy O’Neil reveals in this urgent and necessary book, the opposite is true. The models being used today are opaque, unregulated, and uncontestable, even when they’re wrong. Most troubling, they reinforce discrimination: If a poor student can’t get a loan because a lending model deems him too risky (by virtue of his zip code), he’s then cut off from the kind of education that could pull him out of poverty, and a vicious spiral ensues. Models are propping up the lucky and punishing the downtrodden, creating a “toxic cocktail for democracy.” Welcome to the dark side of Big Data.

Tracing the arc of a person’s life, O’Neil exposes the black box models that shape our future, both as individuals and as a society. These “weapons of math destruction” score teachers and students, sort résumés, grant (or deny) loans, evaluate workers, target voters, set parole, and monitor our health.

O’Neil calls on modelers to take more responsibility for their algorithms and on policy makers to regulate their use. But in the end, it’s up to us to become more savvy about the models that govern our lives. This important book empowers us to ask the tough questions, uncover the truth, and demand change.

— Longlist for National Book Award (Non-Fiction)

— Goodreads, semi-finalist for the 2016 Goodreads Choice Awards (Science and Technology)

— Kirkus, Best Books of 2016

—

*New York Times,*100 Notable Books of 2016 (Non-Fiction)

—

*The Guardian*, Best Books of 2016

— WBUR's "On Point," Best Books of 2016: Staff Picks

— Boston Globe, Best Books of 2016, Non-Fiction

## Math Makers: The Lives and Works of 50 Famous Mathematicians (English Edition) seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Alfred S. Posamentier
- Editor: Prometheus Books
- Data de publicação: 2019-07-02
- Número de páginas: 448 pages
- Tag: makers, lives, works, famous, mathematicians, english, edition

**Two veteran math educators concisely profile leading mathematicians throughout history highlighting their often unusual personalities and lives while giving average readers insights into the importance of their mathematical discoveries.**

Mathematics today is the fruit of centuries of brilliant insights by men and women whose personalities and life experiences were often as extraordinary as their mathematical achievements. This entertaining history of mathematics chronicles those achievements through fifty short biographies that bring these great thinkers to life while making their contributions understandable to readers with little math background.

Among the fascinating characters profiled are Isaac Newton (1642-1727), the founder of classical physics and infinitesimal calculus--he frequently quarreled with fellow scientists and was obsessed by alchemy and arcane Bible interpretation; Sophie Germain (1776 - 1831), who studied secretly at the École Polytechnique in Paris, using the name of a previously enrolled male student--she is remembered for her work on Fermat's Last Theorem and on elasticity theory; Emmy Noether (1882 - 1935), whom Albert Einstein described as the most important woman in the history of mathematics--she made important contributions to abstract algebra and in physics she clarified the connection between conservation laws and symmetry; and Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920), who came from humble origins in India and had almost no formal training, yet made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions.

The unusual behavior and life circumstances of these and many other intriguing personalities make for fascinating reading and a highly enjoyable introduction to mathematics.

## A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel at Math and Science (Even If You Flunked Algebra) seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Barbara Oakley
- Editor: Tarcher
- Data de publicação: 2014-07-31
- ISBN: 9780399165245
- Número de páginas: 316 pages
- Tag: numbers, excel, science, flunked, algebra

**The companion book to COURSERA's wildly popular massive open online course "Learning How to Learn"**

Whether you are a student struggling to fulfill a math or science requirement, or you are embarking on a career change that requires a new skill set,

*A Mind for Numbers*offers the tools you need to get a better grasp of that intimidating material. Engineering professor Barbara Oakley knows firsthand how it feels to struggle with math. She flunked her way through high school math and science courses, before enlisting in the army immediately after graduation. When she saw how her lack of mathematical and technical savvy severely limited her options—both to rise in the military and to explore other careers—she returned to school with a newfound determination to re-tool her brain to master the very subjects that had given her so much trouble throughout her entire life.

In

*A Mind for Numbers*, Dr. Oakley lets us in on the secrets to learning effectively—secrets that even dedicated and successful students wish they’d known earlier. Contrary to popular belief, math requires creative, as well as analytical, thinking. Most people think that there’s only one way to do a problem, when in actuality, there are often a number of different solutions—you just need the creativity to see them. For example, there are more than three hundred different known proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem. In short, studying a problem in a laser-focused way until you reach a solution is not an effective way to learn. Rather, it involves taking the time to step away from a problem and allow the more relaxed and creative part of the brain to take over. The learning strategies in this book apply not only to math and science, but to any subject in which we struggle. We all have what it takes to excel in areas that don't seem to come naturally to us at first, and learning them does not have to be as painful as we might think!

## Collins International Primary Maths – Workbook 6 seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Paul Wrangles
- Editor: Collins
- Data de publicação: 2016-09-20
- ISBN: 0008160058
- Número de páginas: 256 pages
- Tag: collins, international, primary, maths, workbook

Collins International Primary Maths supports best practice in primary maths teaching, whilst encouraging teacher professionalism and autonomy. A wealth of supporting digital assets are provided for every lesson, including slideshows, animations, tools and games to ensure they are rich, lively and engaging.

Each Workbook page has three levels of challenge which allow learners to practise and consolidate their newly acquired knowledge, skills and understanding of the mathematics they are learning.

## Numsense! Data Science for the Layman: No Math Added (English Edition) seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Annalyn Ng
- Data de publicação: 2017-02-03
- Número de páginas: 147 pages
- Tag: numsense, science, layman, added, english, edition

Used as

Translated into over

Want to get started on data science?

Our promise: no math added.

This book has been written in layman's terms as a gentle introduction to data science and its algorithms. Each algorithm has its own dedicated chapter that explains how it works, and shows an example of a real-world application. To help you grasp key concepts, we stick to intuitive explanations and visuals.

Popular concepts covered include:

- A/B Testing

- Anomaly Detection

- Association Rules

- Clustering

- Decision Trees and Random Forests

- Regression Analysis

- Social Network Analysis

- Neural Networks

Features:

- Intuitive explanations and visuals

- Real-world applications to illustrate each algorithm

- Point summaries at the end of each chapter

- Reference sheets comparing the pros and cons of algorithms

- Glossary list of commonly-used terms

With this book, we hope to give you a practical understanding of data science, so that you, too, can leverage its strengths in making better decisions.

**course material**in top universities like**Stanford and Cambridge**.Translated into over

**5 languages**.Want to get started on data science?

Our promise: no math added.

This book has been written in layman's terms as a gentle introduction to data science and its algorithms. Each algorithm has its own dedicated chapter that explains how it works, and shows an example of a real-world application. To help you grasp key concepts, we stick to intuitive explanations and visuals.

Popular concepts covered include:

- A/B Testing

- Anomaly Detection

- Association Rules

- Clustering

- Decision Trees and Random Forests

- Regression Analysis

- Social Network Analysis

- Neural Networks

Features:

- Intuitive explanations and visuals

- Real-world applications to illustrate each algorithm

- Point summaries at the end of each chapter

- Reference sheets comparing the pros and cons of algorithms

- Glossary list of commonly-used terms

With this book, we hope to give you a practical understanding of data science, so that you, too, can leverage its strengths in making better decisions.

## Lost in Math: How Beauty Leads Physics Astray seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Sabine Hossenfelder
- Editor: Basic Books
- Data de publicação: 2018-06-12
- ISBN: 9780465094257
- Número de páginas: 304 pages
- Tag: beauty, leads, physics, astray

**A contrarian argues that modern physicists' obsession with beauty has given us wonderful math but bad science**

Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades. The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-de-sac. To escape, physicists must rethink their methods. Only by embracing reality as it is can science discover the truth.

## Math, K seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Linda Ruggieri
- Editor: DK Publishing (Dorling Kindersley)
- Data de publicação: 2014-01-06
- ISBN: 146541732X
- Número de páginas: 47 pages
- Tag:

Perfect for children ages 5 and 6,

*DK Workbooks: Math: Kindergarten*contains exercises on sorting objects into sets, counting to twenty, comparing shapes, writing time, and other fundamentals of math.Developed in consultation with leading educational experts to support curriculum learning, *DK Workbooks: Math* is an innovative series of home-learning math workbooks that is closely linked to school curriculum and helps make learning easy and fun! Each title is packed with exercises and activities to strengthen what children learn in school. With clear questions and supportive illustrations to help children understand each topic, the books provide practice to reinforce learning and understanding of key concepts, such as fractions, times tables, and shapes. A parents' section contains answers, tips, and guidance to provide support, and a certificate of achievement will reinforce confidence in kids by rewarding their accomplishments.

Supports the Common Core State Standards.

## Humble Pi: A Comedy of Maths Errors (English Edition) seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Matt Parker
- Editor: Penguin
- Data de publicação: 2019-03-07
- Número de páginas: 336 pages
- Tag: humble, comedy, maths, errors, english, edition

**'Matt Parker shows off math at its most playful and multifarious' Jordan Ellenberg, author of How to Not Be Wrong**

Most of the time, the maths in our everyday lives works quietly behind the scenes. Until someone forgets to carry a '1' and a bridge collapses, a plane drops out of the sky or a building rocks when its resonant frequency matches a gym class leaping to Snap's 1990 hit

*I've Got The Power*. This book is all about what happens when maths goes wrong in the real world.

Exploring and explaining a litany of near-misses and mishaps involving the internet, big data, elections, street signs, lotteries and the Roman empire, Matt Parker shows us the bizarre ways maths trips us all up, and what this reveals about its essential place in our world. Mathematics doesn't have good 'people skills', but we would all be better off, he argues, if we saw it as a practical ally. By making maths our friend, we can use it to our advantage and learn from its pitfalls. This comedy of errors is a brilliantly told series of disaster stories with a happy ending.

## McGraw-Hill Education Conquering GRE Math, Third Edition seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Robert E. Moyer
- Editor: McGraw-Hill Education
- Data de publicação: 2016-10-14
- ISBN: 1259859509
- Número de páginas: 336 pages
- Tag: mcgraw, education, conquering, third, edition

**A comprehensive tool to help boost your score on the GRE math section**

If you’re one of the more than half a million people who take the GRE every year and want to boost your math score, than this is the ideal study resource for you!

*McGraw-Hill Education’s Conquering GRE Math, Second Edition* is unique in that the problems increase in difficulty as you progress through the book. This will help you develop problem-solving skills as you prepare for the exam. The author is a math teacher who specializes in helping students enhance their GRE related math skills.

**Scoring raising features include:**

• 3 Full-length GRE math sections provide practice with questions just like those on the real test

• Complete review of GRE math topics including: number properties, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and word problems

• Strategies for answering every GRE math question type: quantitative comparison, multiple choice, numeric entry, and data analysis

• Information on the GRE math item formats that reflects the latest test

• Hundreds of questions for test-takers who want to maximize their score on the math section

## The Prime Number Conspiracy – The Biggest Ideas in Math from Quanta seleção on-line livro

- Autor: Thomas Lin
- Editor: MIT Press
- Data de publicação: 2018-11-30
- ISBN: 0262536358
- Número de páginas: 336 pages
- Tag: prime, number, conspiracy, biggest, ideas, quanta

*Quanta Magazine*'s stories of mathematical explorations show that “inspiration strikes willy-nilly,” revealing surprising solutions and exciting discoveries.

These stories from *Quanta Magazine* map the routes of mathematical exploration, showing readers how cutting-edge research is done, while illuminating the productive tension between conjecture and proof, theory and intuition. The stories show that, as James Gleick puts it in the foreword, “inspiration strikes willy-nilly.” One researcher thinks of quantum chaotic systems at a bus stop; another suddenly realizes a path to proving a theorem of number theory while in a friend's backyard; a statistician has a “bathroom sink epiphany” and discovers the key to solving the Gaussian correlation inequality. Readers of *The Prime Number Conspiracy*, says *Quanta* editor-in-chief Thomas Lin, are headed on “breathtaking intellectual journeys to the bleeding edge of discovery strapped to the narrative rocket of humanity's never-ending pursuit of knowledge.”*Quanta* is the only popular publication that offers in-depth coverage of the latest breakthroughs in understanding our mathematical universe. It communicates mathematics by taking it seriously, wrestling with difficult concepts and clearly explaining them in a way that speaks to our innate curiosity about our world and ourselves. Readers of this volume will learn that prime numbers have decided preferences about the final digits of the primes that immediately follow them (the “conspiracy” of the title); consider whether math is the universal language of nature (allowing for “a unified theory of randomness”); discover surprising solutions (including a pentagon tiling proof that solves a century-old math problem); ponder the limits of computation; measure infinity; and explore the eternal question “Is mathematics good for you?”

**Contributors**Ariel Bleicher, Robbert Dijkgraaf, Kevin Hartnett, Erica Klarreich, Thomas Lin, John Pavlus, Siobhan Roberts, Natalie Wolchover

Copublished with *Quanta Magazine*